Catholic Schools Are a Rare Bright Spot in Nation’s Report Card 2022 Data

Charter schools look more like traditional public schools, with test-score declines

Students in a Catholic school

Early in the pandemic, charter schools and Catholic schools both attracted attention for adapting better, and more quickly, than traditional public schools.

An August 2020 article, “How Big Charter Networks Made the Switch to Remote Learning,” described how leading charter-school networks “shifted nimbly and effectively to remote learning.” While the article conceded “It wasn’t perfect,” it also said, “there’s much to applaud in what they did.” In December 2020, in an article headlined, “How Boston-Area Catholic Schools Opened for In-Person Learning Amid the Pandemic,” the superintendent of the 100 Catholic schools in the region, Thomas W. Carroll, told me about how his system had picked up more than 4,000 students he described as “public school refugees.”

Now the 2022 results from the Main National Assessment of Educational Progress, the “Nation’s Report Card,” are in, allowing for not only state-by-state comparisons, but also nationally representative sample-based looks at how Catholic, charter, and traditional district-run public schools performed on reading and math tests.

The results tend to back up the idea that Catholic schools were outperformers in the pandemic period. The results on charter schools are less positive. They look more like their fellow public schools.


Grade 4 Math Grade 4 Reading
2022 2019 2022 2019
Public 235 240 -5 Public 216 219 -3
Catholic 246 246 0 Catholic 233 235 -2
Charter 232 238 -6 Charter 214 217 -3
Non-Charter 235 240 -5 Non-Charter 218 221 -3
Large City Charter 227 237 -10
Large City Non-Charter 227 234 -7
Grade 8 Math Grade 8 Reading
2022 2019 2022 2019
Public 273 281 -8 Public 259 262 -3
Catholic 288 293 -5 Catholic 279 278 1
Charter 268 277 -9 Charter 257 260 -3
Non-Charter 275 282 -7 Non-Charter 261 263 -2


As the table above shows, Catholic schools showed an increase (though not statistically significant) in performance on 8th grade reading, and held steady in 4th grade math, at achievement levels that were already higher than public schools. Catholic schools lost ground between 2019 and 2022 on 8th grade math and 4th grade reading (also not statistically significant), but the declines were less than what public schools saw.

Jonathan Butcher, a fellow at the Heritage Foundation, tweeted, “instead of losing a year as some states/districts did, Catholic schools saved a year.”

It’s not clear whether the performance was attributable to the Catholic schools doing a better job with students who were already enrolled, or whether the scores were a function of the influx of new students from families who cared enough about education and had the resources to change schools. Perhaps it is a combination of the two. Either way, it is a positive outlier amid a broader test-score story characterized by widespread declines.

There the charter sector was afflicted pretty much indistinguishably from traditional public schools. In math, charter schools gave up ground between 2022 and 2019, with grade 8 math scores dropping nine points, compared to seven points in non-charter schools, and grade 4 math scores in large-city charter schools dropping ten points, compared to 7 points in large-city non-charter schools.

Ira Stoll is managing editor of Education Next.

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