Published Articles & Media
How have U.S. students performed over the past twenty-five years on NAEP?
This wasn’t just routine guidance. Instead, by applying a shambolic version of disparate impact theory to school discipline, the letter marked an enormous shift in federal policy and set up the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) to be both judge and jury.
NAEP scores and trends have great value and reveal much that’s important to know.
Ahead of the News
Jumping to conclusions from districts’ raw discipline data ought to end.
The big stories will be NAEP scores, the Janus Supreme Court case, gubernatorial elections, school discipline, and school ratings.
Some of the disparity in suspension rates may stem from racism or variations in discipline policies but some may stem from differences in student behavior—differences driven by poverty and the other out-of-school factors.