The past few years have seen a whirl wind of developments in school reform. Dramatic efforts to upend the 20th-century model of local schooling—among them,increased accountability and charter schooling—have made consider able advances. What if we look a little further out? To the near future, a place we can almost touch. What will it take to create schools that are efficient, effective, and equal to the challenges of the 21stcentury? In this forum, two veteran observers—one a savvy entrepreneur, the other a leading scholar—take a look at the world of schooling circa 2030, sharing two widely different perspectives on what education is likely to look like and what that means for school reform today.